Protect Materials from Deterioration with Abrasion Testing

Protect Materials from Deterioration with Abrasion Testing

Abrasion is a major factor that badly affects the quality of the surface of the material. Performing the abrasion test on the materials helps to compare the quality of the coated material and to predict the actual life of the product by providing real-time conditions. Abrasion testing is performed on the coated or plated materials to examine the abrasion resistance strength of the materials. Different materials such as composites, metals, ceramics, thick coatings such as thermal sprays, etc. can be tested with the help of this test. The core functioning of this test is to produce data that helps to measure the ranking or grading of the material as per its quality of resistance to abrasion and scratching under specified conditions. The test is performed using Abrasion Testing Machine.

This test is never used to analyze the resistance of the material in a specific type of environment. Its value lies in determining the rank of material in order of quality and occurs in the relatively highly abrasive environment. The actual volume of loss in the data which is obtained from this test under specific conditions of the abrasive environment is then compared with the test sample which is already examined by the manufacturers in same environmental conditions. This test comparison helps the manufacturers to clearly indicate the actual worth and life of the material and other factors that can deteriorate the quality of the material.

Standardized way used by experts to perform abrasion testing

Different types of abrasion testing are performed in different industries to test the abrasion resistance strength of the materials. Abrasion test is performed on coatings and plating, rubbers, printing, and many more. This test helps to examine the actual loss of material when the highly abraded environment is provided. Various national and international standardization authorities have introduced many standards to test the quality of different material such as ASTM G65 – To test the abrasion using dry rubber wheel apparatus, ASTM G132 – To perform Pin Abrasion Testing and many more.

Standards for Abrasion Testing

  • IS 3400 (Part 3) – 2012: Methods of Test for Vulcanized Rubbers Part 3: Abrasion
  • ASTM F1978 – Abrasion Resistance of Laminated Sheets
  • ASTM D3794  – Standard Guide for Testing Coil Coatings
  • ASTM D3363  – Standard Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test  – A quick determination of organic coating hardness
  • ASTM D6279 –  Test Method for Rub Abrasion Mar Resistance of High Gloss Coatings – Wet and Dry Rub abrasion tests


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